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In modern operating rooms innovative surgical procedures are being performed. Hospitals are often facing cost and design challenges and daunting technology choices. After a hospital determines which technology and approach will be adopted, an extensive planning process follows. Healthcare planners interview all parties involved to find out how big the OR needs to be, where it should be located, which specialties will use it, what kind of procedures will be performed and how many: what equipment will be needed and where to put it.

Ideally, planners should get input not only from the physicians who will perform surgery, but also consider possible future scenarios in case other specialties might need to use it as well. Note: It’s important to involve biomedical engineering (management and maintenance), IT (connection to hospital IT) and the OR manager (OR set-up).

The operating room (OR) is a dynamic work environment in which effective team collaboration is critical to surgical outcomes. In this high-risk performance stage, lapses in teamwork can potentially lead to medical incidents.